Renewable energy sources

Overview

Sustainable development of energy from renewable sources is an important pillar of the energy policy aimed at reducing the dependence on imported fuels.

The strategic objectives set in recent years in the area of renewable energy sources (RES) have enabled a robust development of local energy generation capacities and of energy from renewable sources in Lithuania. Since 2007, the share of RES in the overall final energy consumption increased 9,16 percentage points.

Lithuania has undertaken, according to Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council No 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, to increase the RES share in the final national energy consumption up to 23% by 2020 and to increase the share of RES in all modes of transport up to at least 10% of the final consumption in the transport sector.

The Republic of Lithuania Law on Energy from Renewable Sources contains sectoral objectives: to increase the share of electricity produced from RES up to at least 20% of the final national consumption, to increase the share of centrally supplied heat energy, produced from RES, up to at least 60%, of the heat energy balance, and to increase the share of RES used in households up to at least 80% of the total energy consumption balance.

According to the Lithuanian Department of Statistics, Lithuania has already reached the 23% target: in 2014, the share of RES in the total energy balance of the country exceeded one fifth, accounting for 23.66 %.

In 2015, the share of RES in the total energy balance of the country reached up to 25,86 % (a 2.2 p. p. increase compared with 2014): electricity sector 15.55 % (+ 1.85 p. p.), heating and cooling sector 46.17 % (+ 5.54 p.p.), and transport sector 4.56 % (+ 0.23 p. p.).
 


Part of RES in the electricity energy sector, 2014 (Source: National Commission for Energy Control and Prices)

As of 7 June 2017, Lithuania has 2,653 power plants installed and holding permits to generate electricity from RES. Total installed capacity of these plants is 812.589 MW:

•    (2,340) solar plants – 73.68 MW;
•    (163) wind plants (farms) – 511 MW;
•    (12) solid biomass plants – 64.95 MW;
•    (39) biogas plants – 35.05 MW;
•    (99) hydro electric plants – 127.909 MW.


Part of RES in the electricity energy sector, 2015 (Source: Lithuanian Department of Statistics)

According to the Lithuanian Department of Statistics, in 2015, the share of RES in the electricity sector was 1.740 GWh. Energy was mainly generated in the wind plants which accounted for 48 % and hydropower plants – 24.6 %.  The rest of energy was generated in: biofuel plants (23.2 %) and solar power plants (4.2 %).

An interactive map of all power plants in the territory of the Republic of Lithuania that use RES (in which search can be conducted by locality, type of RES used and/or installed capacity) is published on http://www.avei.lt/lt/component/energy/?task=map.

Last updated: 17-07-2017